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Title: Novel methods for high-impedance ground-fault protection in low-voltage supply systems
Authors: Li, KK
Chan, WL 
Zeng, X
Yin, X
Issue Date: 2003
Source: Electric power components and systems, 2003, v. 31, no. 12, p. 1133-1150
Abstract: Many high-impedance ground faults (HIGFs) that happen in low-voltage (LV) systems often cause customer supply loss, fire, and human safety hazards. Traditional ground-fault protection is provided by the residual current circuit breaker (RCCB). The RCCB is usually employed in an analogue measuring circuit and often causes nuisance tripping due to capacitive leakage current and load-switching operations. It offers only ground fault protection to a certain extent and has difficulty in detecting HIGFs associated with a dielectric material defect. In this paper active power variation-based protection for HIGFs is developed, and a dissipation factor (DF)-based criterion for identifying load-switching operation is proposed. They are implemented by cross-correlation analysis between phase voltage and residual current in single-phase networks. A digital protection scheme is also designed. EMTP simulation results show that the new protection can remove the influences of capacitive leakage current and load-switching operations and is able to detect HIGFs and prevent electric shock with high sensitivity and robustness.
Keywords: Correlation analysis
Ground-fault protection
High-impedance fault
Low voltage systems
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal: Electric power components and systems 
ISSN: 1532-5008
EISSN: 1532-5016
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