Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/23180
Title: The relational antecedents of voice targeted at different leaders
Authors: Liu, W 
Tangirala, S
Ramanujam, R
Keywords: Employee voice
Leader-member exchange
Upward communication
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Source: Journal of applied psychology, 2013, v. 98, no. 5, p. 841-851 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of applied psychology 
Abstract: We investigated how employees can, simultaneously, speak up to leaders at different levels of the organizational hierarchy. In particular, we examined 2 targets of employees' upward voice on workrelated issues: the direct leader (i.e., the supervisor) and the skip-level leader (i.e., supervisor's boss). Drawing on emerging research on the socially embedded nature of leader-member exchanges and using data from 237 employees and their direct and skip-level leaders, we found that the choice of a particular leader as a target was affected by the quality of the dyadic relationship between that leader and the employee. Further, the association between voice to the direct leader and the quality of the employee's relationship with the direct leader was more positive when the relationship between the direct leader and the skip-level leader was stronger. By contrast, the association between voice to the skip-level leader and the quality of the employee's relationship with the skip-level leader was more positive when the relationship between the direct leader and the skip-level leader was weaker. The implications of these findings are discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/23180
ISSN: 0021-9010
EISSN: 1939-1854
DOI: 10.1037/a0032913
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