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Title: Design considerations for environmental sustainability in high density development : a case study of Hong Kong
Authors: Chan, EHW 
Lee, GKL
Keywords: Critical Factors
Environmental sustainability
Factor analysis
High density development
Hong Kong
Urban renewal
Issue Date: 2009
Source: Environment, development and sustainability, 2009, v. 11, no. 2, p. 359-374 How to cite?
Journal: Environment, Development and Sustainability 
Abstract: This study has indicated that there is close relationship between development density and environmental quality; therefore, it is necessary to decide the form of development carefully beforehand. The form of development is shaped either by new development or urban renewal which is a major tactic nowadays adopted by the Hong Kong Government to improve the living condition of the citizens and the quality of the built environment. This study is limited to urban renewal and aims to find out the major urban design considerations for sustaining the environment. Through a questionnaire survey carried out in Hong Kong, the opinions of architects, planners, property development managers, and local citizens were sought and evaluated, and critical design factors for enhancing environmental sustainability of urban renewal projects are highlighted. The results derived from factor analysis indicated that certain design considerations should be incorporated for sustaining the urban environment. "Land Use Planning", "Quality of Life", "Conservation & Preservation", "Integrated Design", "Provision of Welfare Facilities", and "Conservation of Existing Properties" were believed to be the significant underlying factors for achieving environmental sustainability of local urban renewal projects.
ISSN: 1387-585X
DOI: 10.1007/s10668-007-9117-0
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