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Title: Effects of buoyancy on turbulent premixed V-flames by large-eddy simulation
Authors: Wu, Y
Chan, CK 
Issue Date: 2010
Source: Combustion theory and modelling, 2010, v. 14, no. 6, p. 827-839
Abstract: Buoyancy effects on turbulent premixed V-flames are investigated under normal gravity (+g) and reversed gravity (-g). Numerical simulations employ large eddy simulation (LES) with a dynamic model for sub-grid scale stress. With the assumption of fast chemistry combustion, a progress variable c-equation is applied to describe the flame front propagation. The equations are solved using a projection-based fractional step method in two dimensions for low-Mach number flows. Computed LES results of buoyancy effects on flame angle and flame brush thickness are consistent with those obtained from experiments. In both +g and -g conditions, the effects of buoyancy become important with increase in Richardson number (Ri). Buoyancy force tends to close up the flame under +g, but has the opposite effect under -g. Buoyancy force also suppresses flame wrinkling in +g and enhances wrinkling in -g. While there is a lack of experimental data available, computed axial velocity is shownto besignificantly affected by buoyancy downstream from the flame holder under moderate Reynolds number.
Keywords: Buoyancy
Dynamic model
Large eddy simulation
Projection method
Turbulent premixed combustion
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal: Combustion theory and modelling 
ISSN: 1364-7830
EISSN: 1741-3559
DOI: 10.1080/13647830.2010.514064
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