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Title: A study of the ventilation and thermal comfort of the environment surrounding a new university building under construction
Authors: Zhang, W
Mak, CM 
Ai, ZT
Siu, WM
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Indoor and built environment, 2012, v. 21, no. 4, p. 568-582
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a new building which can impose on its immediate ambient environment, on air movement and thermal comfort of people using the area. The effect of eight prevailing wind directions around the building was simulated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The CFD simulation was validated by two wind tunnel experiments. The CFD results were used to conduct an air ventilation assessment using velocity ratio (VR) indicator and to assess thermal comfort by an extended predicted mean vote (PMV) evaluation. An analysis of the relationship of VR and PMV with the to-be-built building (the front area index λf and plan area density λp) was also conducted. The result indicates that the PMV trend was generally opposite to the VR trend. The λp would increase due to the new building and the λf would increase in all wind directions except East-South-East and South-East. There could be a significant change in thermal comfort when the λf became smaller than 12% and a significant change in ventilation efficiency if the λf was smaller or larger than 12%. It means that λf can be used as an urban planning parameter for the thermal comfort study in the natural ventilated urban environment.
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics
Extended PMV model
Frontal area index (λf)
Thermal comfort
Velocity ratio
Ventilation performance
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Journal: Indoor and built environment 
ISSN: 1420-326X
EISSN: 1423-0070
DOI: 10.1177/1420326X11419871
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