Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/22450
Title: Electrophysical therapy for managing diabetic foot ulcers : a systematic review
Authors: Kwan, RLC
Cheing, GLY 
Vong, SKS
Lo, SK
Keywords: Critical appraisal
Diabetic foot ulcer
Electrophysical therapy
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: International wound journal, 2013, v. 10, no. 2, p. 121-131 How to cite?
Journal: International wound journal 
Abstract: To systematically assess published reports on the efficacy of electrophysical therapy in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers, including electrical stimulation, low-level laser therapy, therapeutic ultrasound and electromagnetic therapy. Databases searched included MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from 1966 to 2011. Studies reviewed included only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on treatment with electrophysical modalities compared with sham, conventional treatment or other electrophysical modalities. Information extracted were objective measures of healing and data useful for the calculation of effect size. Eight RCTs were eventually included in the critical appraisal, with a combined total of 325 participants. Five studies were conducted on electrical stimulation, two on phototherapy and one on ultrasound. All studies reported that the experimental group was significantly more favourable than the control or sham group. The pooled estimate of the number of healed ulcers of the three studies on electrical stimulation compared to the control or sham electrical stimulation showed statistical significance [mean difference of 2·8 (95% CI = 1·5-5·5, P = 0·002] in favour of electrical stimulation. The results indicated potential benefit of using electrophysical therapy for managing diabetic foot ulcers. However, due to the small number of trials ever conducted, the possibility of any harmful effects cannot be ruled out, and high-quality trials with larger sample sizes are warranted.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/22450
ISSN: 1742-4801
EISSN: 1742-481X
DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-481X.2012.01085.x
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