Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/22384
Title: Frequency characteristics of coherent structures and their excitations in small aspect-ratio rectangular jets using large eddy simulation
Authors: Jiang, P
Guo, YC
Chan, CK 
Lin, WY
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Source: Computers and Fluids, 2007, v. 36, no. 3, p. 611-621 How to cite?
Journal: Computers and Fluids 
Abstract: Large eddy simulations of air jets from small aspect-ratio (AR) rectangular nozzles are performed with the dynamic subgrid-scale closure. Mean streamwise velocity profiles are in good agreement with experimental data. Results indicate that vortices originating from the longer side of the rectangular jet are dominant compared with that from the shorter side. Furthermore, entrainment is slight in the potential core, and significantly increases in the following vortex roll-up region. However, the jet entrains more with smaller AR. Power spectral density of the streamwise velocity indicates that the oscillations consist of a series of sub-harmonic frequencies, with the predominant frequencies reducing along the axial direction. Analysis shows that among multiple frequencies, there is a characteristic one at f = 0.22 which dominates the near field of the rectangular jet. The characteristic frequency is independent of velocity components, aspect ratios of the jet and locations. Based on this characteristic frequency, calculations with different forced frequencies imposed on the inlet nozzle are carried out. Results indicate that when the forced frequency is approximately equal to the characteristic frequency, development of the coherent structures is the most intense in the near field, and exhibits the strongest entrainment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/22384
DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2006.05.001
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