Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/22237
Title: Three-dimensional gait analysis of obese adults
Authors: Lai, PPK
Leung, AKL 
Li, ANM
Zhang, M 
Keywords: Gait
Kinematics
Kinetics
Obese
Three-dimensional
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Clinical biomechanics, 2008, v. 23, no. supll.1, p. s2-s6 How to cite?
Journal: Clinical biomechanics 
Abstract: Background: Obesity has been clinically associated with musculoskeletal disorders. However, the findings were mainly focused on the analysis in the sagittal plane. The objectives of this study were to investigate the three-dimensional gait characteristics of Chinese obese adults and to compare the results with normal subjects. Methods: Fourteen obese subjects, mean age 35.4 (8.8) years, eight females and six males, with body mass index 33.06 (4.2) kg/m 2 and 14 non-obese subjects, mean age 27.6 (8.6) years, eight females and six males, with body mass index 21.33 (1.5) kg/m 2 participated in this study. All subjects did not have current or past neurological or cardiovascular illness, orthopaedic abnormality, or pain which might affect gait. The kinematics and kinetics data of all subjects were recorded during their self-selected walking speed with a three-dimensional motion analysis system. Findings: The obese group walked slower and had a shorter stride length. They also spent more time on stance phase and double support in walking. Greater hip adduction was shown in the obese group during terminal stance and pre-swing. The maximum knee adduction angles of the obese group in both stance and swing phases were significantly higher. The ankle eversion angle of the obese group was significantly higher from mid stance to pre-swing. There were reduction of peak ankle plantar flexor moment, and increase of ankle inversion moment. Interpretation: There were some significant differences in temporal-spatial, joint motion and joint moment data between the obese and the non-obese participants. The obese individuals might adjust their gait characteristics in response to their heavy bodies to reduce the moment about the knee and the energy expenditure per unit time.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/22237
ISSN: 0268-0033
EISSN: 1879-1271
DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2008.02.004
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