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Title: Falls among the community-living elderly people in Hong Kong : a retrospective study
Authors: Fong, KNK 
Siu, AMH 
Au Yeung, K
Cheung, SWS
Chan, CCH 
Keywords: Accidental falls
Community-living elderly
Retrospective study
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Hong Kong journal of occupational therapy, 2011, v. 21, no. 1, p. 33-40 How to cite?
Journal: Hong Kong journal of occupational therapy 
Abstract: Purpose: To examine the base rate of falls for a group of community-living elderly people in Hong Kong. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 554 elderly people aged 65 years or above living in various geographical regions of Hong Kong, who had completed assessments at a community centre over a period of 4 months. Participants were recruited by convenience sampling and stratified by age range according to the distribution in Hong Kong population. They were asked to report on their fall history for a period of the 12 months before joining the study. Results: Of all the participants, 111 reported having fallen during the preceding 12 months. The fall rate was 29%, and the 1-year prevalence of falls was 20%, dropping to 6.3% for two or more falls. Of all the falls, 47.7% occurred indoors whereas 52.3% occurred outdoors. Results showed female gender, Timed Up & Go Test, self-reported history of upper limb fracture, an intake of four or more types of medication, receiving rehabilitation services, and living with a couple only were independent predictors for fallers with at least one fall. There were no significant differences between the number of near-miss experienced by fallers and nonfallers in the past 12 months. Conclusion: We determined the base rate of falls for a group of community-living elderly people of Hong Kong. Retrospective methods, which ask elderly people living in a community to recall their falls, may be used to identify risks preceding falls and to facilitate early intervention.
ISSN: 1569-1861
EISSN: 1876-4398
DOI: 10.1016/j.hkjot.2011.05.005
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