Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/21845
Title: Particle flow behavior of distribution and deposition throughout 90° bends : analysis of influencing factors
Authors: Sun, K
Lu, L 
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Journal of aerosol science, 2013, v. 65, p. 26-41
Abstract: This paper experimentally investigates the particle concentration distribution and deposition in three-dimensional 90° bends considering three potential influencing factors: inlet mass concentration Cm, Reynolds number Re and wall material. Particle penetrations were found to decrease moderately within 11% with the increase of Cm under current conditions, but deposition velocity would increase by 1.29-2.87 times. The inlet particle concentration will not affect the outlet concentration distribution and particle penetration for the particles of St=5.15×10-4. For larger particles, however, higher Cm, St and Re cause higher concentration near the outer wall of bend outlet, lower concentration near the inner wall and even 'particle free zone'. For the outlet concentration distribution, apexes and concave points are observed, which may be formed by the rebounding particles. Furthermore, concentration polarization factor is introduced to analyze the outlet nonuniformity. Accordingly, Re is found to be a higher weighting factor compared with Cm. Compared to penetration, deposition velocity is more sensitive to wall materials, for example, with an increase factor up to 1.45. Furthermore, a rough estimation method and an empirical model are suggested to establish the correlation among dimensionless outlet concentration, St and 'particle free zone'.
Keywords: Concentration distribution
Deposition velocity
Inlet mass concentration
Particle penetration
Reynolds number
Surface material
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Journal: Journal of aerosol science 
ISSN: 0021-8502
EISSN: 1879-1964
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.07.002
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