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Title: Investigation on heat transfer around buried coils of pile foundation heat exchangers for ground-coupled heat pump applications
Authors: Zhang, W
Yang, H 
Lu, L 
Fang, Z
Keywords: Cylindrical heat source
Ground heat exchangers
Ground-coupled heat pump
Line heat source
Pile foundation
Ring-coil heat source
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: International journal of heat and mass transfer, 2012, v. 55, no. 21-22, p. 6023-6031 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of heat and mass transfer 
Abstract: The application of ground heat exchangers (GHEs) has attracted much attention for its advantages in terms of energy-saving and emission-reduction. Therefore, it is significant to introduce heat transfer into investigation, the paper illustrated the existing heat transfer models in order to analyze the GHEs with buried coils. Line heat source, cylindrical heat source and ring-coil heat source are introduced step by step. For the present, the borehole GHEs are the mainstream, and in recent years pile foundation GHEs have been followed with interest on account of heat transfer superiority as well as lowering initial cost and saving land area. Concerning that groundwater flow exist in geological stratum sometimes, so that the thermal analysis about heat transfer should be composed of two cases, i.e. models under the condition of both pure conduction and combination that include conduction and advection. It is obvious that ring-coil model is on the verge of actual situation for pile foundation GHEs with buried coils from the academic research perspectives, nevertheless for some engineering computation problems which the result error can be permitted in the certain range, other heat transfer models can be chosen in order to simplify the calculation process.
ISSN: 0017-9310
EISSN: 1879-2189
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2012.06.013
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