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Title: Impact of climate change on ventilation load and energy use of air conditioning systems in buildings of Hong Kong
Authors: Qi, R
Lu, L 
Yang, H 
Keywords: Climate warming
Latent load
Sensible load
Urban heat island effect
Ventilation load
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Source: International journal of low-carbon technologies, 2012, v. 7, no. 4, p. 303-309 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of low-carbon technologies 
Abstract: Climate change may seriously affect the energy consumption of buildings by influencing their air conditioning loads, especially the ventilation loads which vary directly with the local weather conditions. Research on how the ventilation load responds to climate change is of great significance, especially in coastline subtropical regions like Hong Kong. This paper investigated the impacts of climate change on buildings' ventilation load and building energy use in Hong Kong with the hourly meteorological data from 1950 to 2007. Results have been well validated by the simulation of a typical local hotel building during this period. The results show that climate warming increases both sensible and latent parts of the cooling ventilation load. The latent part, which occupies ~80% of the total ventilation load, increases at a higher rate, about twice of that of the sensible one. Furthermore, it is found that the urban heat island (UHI) effect causes a much higher growth rate of the ventilation load at night, which is about three times compared with that in the daytime. The latent part of the cooling ventilation load at night, which is found to be the most sensitive component to the climate change, plays a most significant role in the energy consumption increase. The possible measures were thus suggested to avoid negative changes of the ventilation load. Besides, reducing the UHI effect by better urban planning also significantly benefits the local buildings with a long air-conditioning operation time.
ISSN: 1748-1317
EISSN: 1748-1325
DOI: 10.1093/ijlct/cts044
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