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Title: Capacity analysis for parallel and sequential MIMO equalizers
Authors: Zhang, X
Kung, SY
Keywords: MIMO systems
Channel capacity
Fading channels
Intersymbol interference
Least mean squares methods
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: IEEE
Source: 2003 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing : proceedings : April 6-10, 2003, Hong Kong Exhibition and Convention Centre, Hong Kong, v. 4, p. IV357-IV360 How to cite?
Abstract: It is well known that linear MMSE can outperform its zero-forcing counterpart. In combination with a successive interference canceller, MMSE can fully exploit the capacity of MIMO (multiple-input-multiple-output) channels. In practice, however, such an advantage is compromised due to its implementation complexity and the requirement of accurate SNR estimate. Thus other equalizers such as zero-forcing may present an attractive alternative as long as the performance gap is tolerable. This motivates a need to quantify the tradeoff between MMSE and zero-forcing in both parallel and sequential structures. In this paper, the capacity performance of different equalization schemes is investigated, with closed-form formulas provided in terms of two key measures: capacity gaps and ratios. We also conclude that the capacity gain via structural choice (between parallel and sequential) far outweighs that via filter choice (between zero-forcing and MMSE). Indeed, the latter is found to be almost negligible for most practical SNR regions. It is also shown that the sequential zero-forcing equalizers can asymptotically reach the channel capacity when SNR approaches infinity, irrespective of the detection order. Although this paper is focused on the flat-fading channels, the result is directly extendable to the ISI case by slicing the frequency band into infinitesimal stripes, each of which can be treated as flat.
ISBN: 0-7803-7663-3
ISSN: 1520-6149
DOI: 10.1109/ICASSP.2003.1202653
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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