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Title: Massage as therapy for persons with intellectual disabilities : a review of the literature
Authors: Chan, JSL
Tse, SHM 
Keywords: Challenging behaviours
Intellectual disability
Self-stimulating behaviours
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Journal of intellectual disabilities, 2011, v. 15, no. 1, p. 47-62 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of intellectual disabilities 
Abstract: Persons with intellectual disabilities record a higher incidence of challenging behaviours than the general population. Massage therapy has frequently been applied to such persons to induce relaxation. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of massage therapy on relaxation and reduction of challenging behaviours. A literature search was conducted through various electronic databases; a total of 64 articles was generated but only seven met all inclusion criteria. These studies were evaluated in terms of (a) number of participants, (b) study setting, (c) methodology, (d) intervention pattern, (e) outcome measure of the intervention, and (f) major results. Evidence-based literature demonstrating the effectiveness of massage therapy in supporting clinical practice is extremely limited. Case study designs, large amounts of qualitative data and small sample sizes meant that the therapeutic effect of massage therapy could not be substantiated. Hence, future studies with randomized clinical trials or of experimental design are recommended.
ISSN: 1744-6295
EISSN: 1744-6309
DOI: 10.1177/1744629511405105
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