Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/20908
Title: Co3O4/C nanocapsules with onion-like carbon shells as anode material for lithium ion batteries
Authors: Liu, X
Or, SW 
Jin, C
Lv, Y
Li, W
Feng, C
Xiao, F
Sun, Y
Keywords: Anode electrode
Carbon layer
Cobalt oxide
Lithium ion batteries
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Electrochimica acta, 2013, v. 100, p. 140-146 How to cite?
Journal: Electrochimica acta 
Abstract: The synthesis and characterization of core/shell-type Co3O 4/C nanocapsules for application as anode material in lithium ion batteries are reported in this paper. The synthesis process involves the preparation of Co/C nanocapsules using a modified arc-discharge method and the annealing of the Co/C nanocapsules at 300 C for 2 h in air. The as-synthesized products show a spherical shape and a core/shell-type structure in which a Co3O4 nanoparticle core of diameter 10-30 nm is encapsulated by an onion-like carbon shell of thickness approximately 1 nm. The Co/C nanocapsules can be stable below 130 C, and be oxidized above 205 C in air. The Co3O4/C nanocapsules deliver an initial discharge capacity of 1467.6 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C and maintain a high reversible capacity of 1026.9 mAh g-1 after 50 charge-discharge cycles, much higher than the Co3O4 nanoparticles (471.5 mAh g -1). A postmortem analysis of the Co3O4 and Co3O4/C anodes subjected to prolonged cycling reveals the existence of a lower degree of surface cracking and particle breakage in the Co3O4/C anode than the Co3O4 anode. The improved electrochemical performance and structural stability in the Co 3O4/C nanocapsules are attributed to the enhanced electrical conductivity and structural buffering provided by the onion-like carbon shell.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/20908
ISSN: 0013-4686
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.03.179
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