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Title: A parametric study of fixed-wing aircraft perching maneuvers
Authors: Venkateswara Rao, DMK
Tang, H
Go, TH
Keywords: Aerodynamic modeling
Aircraft perching
Nonlinear vortex correction method
Parametric study
Trajectory optimization
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier Masson SAS
Source: Aerospace science and technology, 2015, v. 42, p. 459-469 How to cite?
Journal: Aerospace Science and Technology 
Abstract: This paper presents atrajectory optimization-based study for identifying the influencesof different fixed-wing aircraft parameters on perching maneuvers. Perching trajectories, which involve climbing for landing with a near-zero speed, are optimized to minimize the unwanted altitude gain, herewith referred to as undershoot. Undershoot has a complex relationshipnot only with the control inputs, but also with the aircraft geometry and features, such as stability characteristics, controllability, and thrust available. Tofacilitate this parametric study, anaerodynamic modeling tool is developed, which combines a nonlinear vortex correction method with the Leishman's state-space form of Wagner's unsteady model. This tool is used for in-flight aerodynamics evaluation during the optimization of the perching maneuvers. The perching solutions - minimum undershoot and trajectory length - are then computed, andthe effects of key parameters of the maneuver are studied. Itis found that a high aspect ratio, high thrust available, optimal placement of the center of gravity, relaxed terminal velocity constraints, low zero-lift drag, and headwind reduce the spatial requirements for the maneuver. Furthermore, it is confirmed that a high angle-of-attack maneuver is not critical for very low speed perching.
ISSN: 1270-9638
DOI: 10.1137/S1052623497325107
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