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Title: Optimal throughput of crude oil terminals with options for infrastructure improvements
Authors: Feng, X
Wang, M
Li, Y
Gu, W
Zhang, Y
Keywords: Arena simulation
Crude oil terminals
Crude oil throughput
Queuing models
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Coastal Education Research Foundation Inc.
Source: Journal of coastal research, 2015, no. 73, p. 628-634 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Coastal Research 
Abstract: Crude oil is a major commodity transported through ports. Determining the optimal throughput level of crude oil terminals is crucial for efficient utilization of coastal resources and sustainable development of ports. This paper develops a simulation model for estimating the logistics costs associated with the unloading operations of oil tankers at a terminal using the simulation package Arena. The model parameters are estimated using real data collected from a major crude oil terminal in China. Simulation results unveil the optimal throughput level that minimizes the overall logistics cost per ton of crude oil unloaded for a given terminal. In addition, the simulation is modified to examine various combinations of infrastructure improvements: adding a berth, upgrading handling equipment, and dredging the navigation channel. Their impacts on the optimal throughput level and the unit logistics cost are quantified, and suggestions on port infrastructure investments are provided.
ISSN: 0340-5761
DOI: 10.2112/SI73-109.1
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