Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/20480
Title: Characteristics of air exchange in a street canyon with ground heating
Authors: Xie, X
Liu, CH
Leung, DYC
Leung, MKH
Keywords: Air exchange rate (AER)
Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling
Ground-level heating
k-ε turbulence models
Issue Date: 2006
Source: Atmospheric environment, 2006, v. 40, no. 33, p. 6396-6409 How to cite?
Journal: Atmospheric Environment 
Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of solar radiation (in the form of ground-level heating) on the air exchange rate (AER) of an idealized street canyon using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) technique. A two-dimensional numerical model based on Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations equipped with the standard, Renormalization Group (RNG), and realizable k-ε turbulence models was developed using the commercial CFD code FLUENT. The newly developed numerical model was validated by published wind tunnel results with buoyancy force. It was found that different k-ε turbulence models yielded comparable simulation results. The sensitivity tests based on a street canyon of unity aspect ratio showed that the existence of buoyancy force markedly affected its airflow structure and AER, particularly under calm wind condition. The AER induced by vertical velocity fluctuation AER w″ is larger than that induced by mean vertical velocity AER w. Their difference decreased with increasing the dimensionless parameter Gr/Re 2. The functional relationship between total AER and Gr/Re 2 could be expressed in the form of a second-order polynomial.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/20480
ISSN: 1352-2310
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.05.050
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