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Title: An investigation on spill plume development and natural filling in large full-scale atrium under retail shop fire
Authors: Shi, CL
Lu, WZ
Chow, WK 
Huo, R
Keywords: Atrium
Mechanical exhaust
Natural filling
Shop fire
Spill plume
Zone model
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: International journal of heat and mass transfer, 2007, v. 50, no. 3-4, p. 513-529 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of heat and mass transfer 
Abstract: This paper reports an investigation on the scenarios of the spill plume and the resultant natural filling in a full-scale atrium mock-up due to a retail shop fire. The study includes two aspects, i.e., the full-scale experiment and the numerical simulation. A spill plume model is proposed to predict the characteristic properties of the plume development in the atrium under a retail shop fire. Furthermore, to accurately predict the shop fire in the atrium, an improved zone model is developed combining the transport lag time model and the spill plume model. Besides validating the developed model by experiments, the case is also simulated by the established zone model, i.e., CFAST code, and the computational fluid dynamics model, i.e., FDS code. By both physical and numerical experiments, the process of natural smoke filling and the temperature rise in the atrium are investigated and well understood. It is found that a typical spill plume contains three regimes, i.e., the curved section out of the retail shop door, the line plume in the near field, and the axisymmetric plume in the far field. Predictions from the proposed empirical model for the spill plume and the resultant improved zone model compare favorably with the experiments. The study indicates that the atrium becomes very dangerous due to such shop fire if no smoke control employed. The ability of mechanical exhaust system in the atrium to mitigate the hazard of a retail shop fire is investigated as well.
ISSN: 0017-9310
EISSN: 1879-2189
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2006.07.020
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