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Title: Effects of hinterland accessibility on US container port efficiency
Authors: Wan, Y
Yuen, ACL
Zhang, A
Issue Date: 2014
Source: International journal of shipping and transport logistics, 2014, v. 6, no. 4, p. 422-440
Abstract: As the bottleneck of intermodal transportation systems has shifted from the ship/port interface to the port/inland interface, container port productivity is likely to be constrained by the connection between ports and hinterlands (Heaver, 2006). This study empirically explores the impacts of hinterland accessibility on efficiency of US container ports. A two-stage approach is implemented. First, the container port efficiency is measured by data envelopment analysis (DEA). Then, Tobit regression analysis is undertaken to explore the relationship between DEA scores and ground transportation conditions. The results suggest that provision of on-dock rail facility at container terminals is negatively correlated with container port efficiency, whilst the impacts of Class I rail services are ambiguous. In general, there is a negative association between road congestion around the port and port productivity. However, this relationship tends to be negligible or even positive for primary ports of entry which enjoy substantially larger container throughput volume.
Keywords: Container port productivity
Data envelopment analysis
Hinterland accessibility
On-dock rail facility
Rail services
Road congestion
Publisher: InterScience
Journal: International journal of shipping and transport logistics 
ISSN: 1756-6517
EISSN: 1756-6525
DOI: 10.1504/IJSTL.2014.062908
Description: Special issue with papers presented at the International Forum on Shipping, Ports and Airports (IFSPA) 2012 was held on 27–30 May 2012 at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
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