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Title: Formability of a high-strain-rate superplastic Al-4.4Cu-1.5Mg/21SiC(W) composite under biaxial tension
Authors: Chan, KC 
Tong, GQ
Keywords: Aluminum-based composite
Limit strains
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Materials science and engineering. A, Structural materials : properties, microstructure and processing, 2003, v. 340, no. 1-2, p. 49-57 How to cite?
Journal: Materials science and engineering. A, Structural materials : properties, microstructure and processing 
Abstract: The cavitation behavior and forming limits of a high-strain-rate superplastic 21 vol.% SiC whisker-reinforced Al-4.4Cu-1.5Mg (Al-4.4Cu-1.5Mg/21SiC(W)) under biaxial stress states were investigated in this paper. The composite sheet was bulged using dies with aspect ratios of 1:1, 4:3 and 2:1 at the constant applied stress of 4 MPa and at the optimal temperature of 793 K determined from superplastic tensile tests. The thickness distributions of bulged diaphragms were measured at different strain levels. For diaphragms deformed equibiaxially, a good agreement between experimental thickness distributions and the theoretical predictions of Cornfield and Johnson (Int. J. Mech. Sci. 12 (1970) 479) was observed at fractional heights of the deformed diaphragms ranging from 0.4 to 1.0. The cavitation behavior of the composite under biaxial tension was compared with that of uniaxial tension. It was found that at a similar effective strain, the amount of cavities obtained under equibiaxial tension is slightly greater than that under uniaxial tension, and the cavity growth rate parameter under uniaxial tension was also slightly larger than that of uniaxial tension. The influence of stress state on cavity growth rate was discussed. Limit strains of Al-4.4Cu-1.5Mg/21SiC(W) at different stress ratios were predicted based on a plastic damage model recently developed for superplastic materials (Chan and Chow, Int. J. Mech. Sci., submitted). The trend of the prediction was in good agreement with the experimental findings.
ISSN: 0921-5093
EISSN: 1873-4936
DOI: 10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00154-5
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