Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/19872
Title: Waiting time in emergency evacuation of crowded public transport terminals
Authors: Chow, WK 
Ng, CMY
Keywords: BuildingEXODUS
Numerical simulation
SIMULEX
Waiting time index
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Safety science, 2008, v. 46, no. 5, p. 844-857 How to cite?
Journal: Safety science 
Abstract: Emergency evacuation in crowded public transport terminals in the Far East is a matter of great concern. Passengers are jammed at the exits during peak hours, even under normal evacuation. The waiting time required would be very long and that would extend the evacuation process. The waiting time under crowded condition should be minimized by providing more exits; or implementing proper fire safety management. In this paper, waiting time during emergency evacuation in crowded halls was studied. A waiting time index (WTI) was proposed to quantify jamming at the exits. An airport terminal with fire safety provided by performance-based design was taken as an example to illustrate the concept. Two evacuation models, buildingEXODUS and SIMULEX, were applied to study emergency evacuation in the terminal under crowded conditions. Different occupancy levels in local codes were considered under fire and normal conditions in the departure hall.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/19872
ISSN: 0925-7535
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2007.01.015
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