Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/19247
Title: Photodegradation mechanism and rate improvement of chlorinated aromatic dye in non-ionic surfactant solutions
Authors: Ma, CW
Chu, W 
Keywords: Azo
Dye
Hydrogen source
Photodechlorination
Sensitizer
Issue Date: 2001
Source: Water research, 2001, v. 35, no. 10, p. 2453-2459 How to cite?
Journal: Water Research 
Abstract: A typical insoluble chlorinated aromatic dye (CAD), disperse red (DR), was used to explore the reaction mechanism and kinetics of photodegradation in non-ionic surfactant solutions. The use of an additional hydrogen source and photosensitizer is also studied to improve the decay rates. The decay rate of dye in surfactants depends on the Km of surfactants and their ability to offering an effective hydrogen source. The photodegradation of CAD can be divided into three stages: the initial lag stage, the fast degradation stage and the final retardation stage. The lag stage will vanish and the decay rates of dye can be greatly improved by 2.5-3.6 times after adding an additional hydrogen source (NaBH4) or photosensitizer (acetone) to the surfactant micellar solution. However, the use of an additional hydrogen source or photosensitizer has dosage limitations in such applications. The photoreduction of DR is the main reaction mechanism, in which photodechlorination is observed first with the generation of HCl as the final product, then followed by photodecolorization by breaking the azo bond of the chromophore.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/19247
ISSN: 0043-1354
DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00522-4
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