Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/19110
Title: Improvement in corrosion resistance of NiTi by anodization in acetic acid
Authors: Shi, P
Cheng, FT
Man, HC 
Keywords: Anodization
Corrosion
Electrochemical methods
NiTi
Titanium oxide
Issue Date: 2007
Source: Materials letters, 2007, v. 61, no. 11-12, p. 2385-2388 How to cite?
Journal: Materials Letters 
Abstract: NiTi was galvanostatically anodized in acetic acid to increase the oxide film thickness for improving corrosion resistance. The galvanostatic anodization behavior of NiTi in acetic acid differed markedly from that of Ti. In particular, the anode potential reached was much lower for NiTi, and thus only thin oxide films could be obtained. With a suitable choice of anodizing conditions, the anodic oxide film formed had a thickness of 20-25 nm, as determined by profilometric measurement. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the surface roughness was increased after anodization. Analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed a low Ni/Ti ratio of 0.04 at the anodic oxide surface versus a value of 0.30 for bare NiTi. Electrochemical impedance measurements of the anodized sample in Hanks' solution at 37 °C recorded a 9-fold increase in polarization resistance, and cyclic polarization tests also recorded a matching reduction in the passive current density. These observations indicate that anodization of NiTi can serve as a simple low-temperature method to enhance the corrosion resistance of NiTi when used as an implant material.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/19110
ISSN: 0167-577X
DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2006.09.020
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