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Title: An FPGA-based open platform for ultrasound biomicroscopy
Authors: Qiu, W
Yu, Y
Tsang, FK
Sun, L  
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, 2012, v. 59, no. 7, p. 1432-1442 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control 
Abstract: Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) has been extensively applied to preclinical studies in small animal models. Individual animal study is unique and requires different utilization of the UBM system to accommodate different transducer characteristics, data acquisition strategies, signal processing, and image reconstruction methods. There is a demand for a flexible and open UBM platform to allow users to customize the system for various studies and have full access to experimental data. This paper presents the development of an open UBM platform (center frequency 20 to 80 MHz) for various preclinical studies. The platform design was based on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) embedded in a printed circuit board to achieve B-mode imaging and directional pulsed-wave Doppler. Instead of hardware circuitry, most functions of the platform, such as filtering, envelope detection, and scan conversion, were achieved by FPGA programs; thus, the system architecture could be easily modified for specific applications. In addition, a novel digital quadrature demodulation algorithm was implemented for fast and accurate Doppler profiling. Finally, test results showed that the platform could offer a minimum detectable signal of 25 μV, allowing a 51 dB dynamic range at 47 dB gain, and real-time imaging at more than 500 frames/s. Phantom and in vivo imaging experiments were conducted and the results demonstrated good system performance.
ISSN: 0885-3010
EISSN: 1525-8955
DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2012.2344
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