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Title: VONNA(HBP) : a multimedia learning package on hotel budget planning
Authors: Cho, V 
Wong, J
Keywords: Budgeting
Multimedia instruction
Teaching materials
Classroom materials
Instructional materials
Teaching aids
Teaching equipment
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Source: Journal of teaching in travel & tourism, 2002, v. 2, no. 1, p. 63-79 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of teaching in travel & tourism 
Abstract: In this paper, a new learning package, VONNA(HBP), which provides an interactive and online environment for novices to study and practice hotel budget planning, is introduced. Its design philosophy is discussed with special focus on how to make use of the multimedia and Internet. Researchers indicate that students using a self-paced learning package score higher than those in a traditional classroom setting. Moreover, the learning package provides different scenarios for students to explore themselves in a practical environment and is more cost effective and systematic than lectures. Currently, most learning packages in hotel education are not implemented using multimedia with Internet access. Our paper describes a new learning package that fills the gaps. VONNA(HBP) requires participants to investigate operational budgets on various areas such as sales levels, payroll, inventory level, promotion strategies, and facilities planning, etc. Eventually, the students/novices are required to practice their skills in a comprehensive case about a hypothetical hotel. They need to solve managerial problems by a combination of budgetary planning on human resources, staff training programmes, facilities' maintenance and replacement, or promotion schemes. Analytical tools are available for students/novices to judge an appropriate decision in handling constrained resources.
ISSN: 1531-3220
EISSN: 1531-3239
DOI: 10.1300/J172v02n01_04
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