Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18830
Title: Photodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in various iron-mediated oxidation systems
Authors: Kwan, CY
Chu, W 
Issue Date: 2003
Source: Water research, 2003, v. 37, no. 18, p. 4405-4412
Abstract: The oxidation of herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) by different iron-mediated processes, with or without the presence of ultraviolet (at 253.7nm) and oxalate, was investigated and compared. The initial decay rate and the overall removal percentage were used as the performance indexes. To extensively explore the associated processes, the following combinations or blank systems were investigated: UV radiation only, Fe2+/H 2O2, Fe2+/H2O2/UV, ferrous oxalate/H2O2, ferrous oxalate/H2O 2/UV, Fe3+/H2O2, Fe 3+/H2O2/UV, ferrioxalate/H2O 2, and ferrioxalate/H2O2/UV. This study showed that the degradation of 2,4-D by sole UV or dark processes (without UV) is generally slow, except by the conventional Fenton's process (Fe 2+/H2O2). However, these slow reactions can be accelerated by exposure to UV irradiation, which can increase the initial 2,4-D decay rate from ten to more than one hundred times. Furthermore, if the reaction is initiated by ferrous oxalate or ferrioxalate instead of Fe 2+ or Fe3+ ions, the rates can be further improved, because of the higher light sensitivity of the organometallic complexes. These reactions were also found sensitive to the initial hydrogen peroxide concentration. The competition of hydroxyl free radicals by the primary intermediate, 2,4-dichlorophenol, was also observed.
Keywords: 2,4-D
Ferric
Ferrous
Oxalate
Peroxide
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Journal: Water research 
ISSN: 0043-1354
EISSN: 1879-2448
DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00393-2
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