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Title: Repair of steel structures by bonded carbon fibre reinforced polymer patching : experimental and numerical study of carbon fibre reinforced polymer - Steel double-lap joints under tensile loading
Authors: Lam, ACC
Cheng, JJR
Yam, MCH 
Kennedy, GD
Keywords: Carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP)
CFRP plate
CFRP sheet
Finite element analysis
Lap joint
Steel elements
Stiffness ratio
Tensile strength
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Natl Research Council Canada-N R C Research Press
Source: Canadian journal of civil engineering, 2007, v. 34, no. 12, p. 1542-1553 How to cite?
Journal: Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 
Abstract: The behavior of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite bonded to a steel plate double-lap joint was investigated experimentally. A total of 19 specimens were tested with the major test parameters being the bonded lap length, LL, and the axial adherend stiffness ratio, ETR. Five of the 19 specimens were prepared using CFRP sheets, and the rest using CFRP plates. Two CFRP plate specimens were prepared with a tapered lap joint, and their results were compared with those of counterpart specimens prepared without tapered lap joints. In general, the behavior of specimens made from either CFRP sheets or CFRP plates were similar. The joint's axial load carrying capacity increased with increasing LL up to a certain limit, when the joint's load carrying capacity could no longer be increased by increasing LL. However, experimental results showed that a larger failure deformation could be achieved by increasing LL past this limit. Specimens that had the same inner adherend thickness but higher axial adherend stiffness ratios showed higher axial load carrying capacities. Test results also showed that the strengths of tapered lap joints were almost the same as those of nontapered lap joints with the same LL. Nonlinear finite element analysis was carried out to study the stress-strain, behavior of the adherend and the adhesive of the double-lap joint. Using finite element analysis results in an analytical solution obtained from the literature, predictions of the joint's maximum axial strength and minimum, required LL were made. This analytical solution provided good predictions when, compared with test results, producing test to predicted ratios from 0.88 to 1.14.
DOI: 10.1139/L07-074
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