Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18627
Title: Design optimization and optimal control of grid-connected and standalone nearly/net zero energy buildings
Authors: Lu, Y
Wang, S 
Shan, K
Keywords: Demand response
Design optimization
Literature review
Scheduling and control
Zero energy building
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Applied energy, 2015, v. 155, p. 463-477 How to cite?
Journal: Applied energy 
Abstract: Nearly/net zero energy buildings (nZEBs) have attracted increasing attention particularly when high and complex performance is required in terms of energy-saving, indoor thermal comfort, environmental friendliness and grid-friendliness. However, there is no exact approach at present for the design and control of buildings to achieve the nearly/net zero energy target. This is mainly due to the complex interplay of energy production/consumption/storage systems as well as the automatically and manually controlled systems/elements in the highly integrated buildings. This paper therefore presents a comprehensive review on the issues related to the design and control of these buildings, i.e. the effects of climate/site on design, design optimization methods, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis for robust design and system reliability, efficient and optimal control of high efficient generation systems and energy storage systems for alleviating/shifting the peak load, model predictive control for fast responses to smart grid, and adoption of advanced smart technologies. An outline of the progress of nZEBs is presented by summarizing the internationally known nZEBs identified including 30 case studies on the design strategies applied and the actual building performance. This review could also support the future development of methods that address the design and control of buildings with a holistic view.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18627
ISSN: 0306-2619
EISSN: 1872-9118
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.06.007
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