Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18597
Title: Development of an E-H2O2/TiO2 photoelectrocatalytic oxidation system for water and wastewater treatment
Authors: Li, XZ
Liu, HS
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Source: Environmental science & technology, 2005, v. 39, no. 12, p. 4614-4620 How to cite?
Journal: Environmental science & technology 
Abstract: In this study, an innovative E-H2O2/TiO2 (E-H2O2 = electrogenerated hydrogen peroxide) photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) oxidation system was successfully developed for water and wastewater treatment. A TiO2/Ti mesh electrode was applied in this photoreactor as the anode to conduct PEC oxidation, and a reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) electrode was used as the cathode to electrogenerate hydrogen peroxide simultaneously. The TiO2/Ti mesh electrode was prepared with a modified anodic oxidation process in a quadrielectrolyte (H 2SO4-H3PO4-H2O 2-HF) solution. The crystal structure, surface morphology, and film thickness of the TiO2/Ti mesh electrode were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The analytical results showed that a honeycomb-type anatase film with a thickness of 5 μm was formed. Photocatalytic oxidation (PC) and PEC oxidation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) in an aqueous solution were performed under various experimental conditions. Experimental results showed that the TiO2/Ti electrode, anodized in the H2SO4-H3PO4-H2O 2-HF solution, had higher photocatalytic activity than the TiO 2/ Ti electrode anodized in the H2SO4 solution. It was found that the maximum applied potential would be around 2.5 V, corresponding to an optimum applied current density of 50 μA cm-2 under UV-A illumination. The experiments confirmed that the E-H 2O2 on the RVC electrode can significantly enhance the PEC oxidation of TCP in aqueous solution. The rate of TCP degradation in such an E-H2O2-assisted TiO2 PEC reaction was 5.0 times that of the TiO2 PC reaction and 2.3 times that of the TiO 2 PEC reaction. The variation of pH during the E-H2O 2-assisted TiO2 PEC reaction, affected by individual reactions, was also investigated. It was found that pH was well maintained during the TCP degradation in such an E-H2O2/TiO 2 reaction system. This is beneficial to TCP degradation in an aqueous solution.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18597
ISSN: 0013-936X
EISSN: 1520-5851
DOI: 10.1021/es048276k
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