Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18500
Title: Effect of zinc oxide on flame retardant finishing of plasma pre-treated cotton fabric
Authors: Lam, YL
Kan, CW 
Yuen, CWM
Keywords: Atmospheric plasma treatment
Catalytic effect
Cotton
Flame-retardant treatment
Zinc oxide
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Springer
Source: Cellulose, 2011, v. 18, no. 1, p. 151-165 How to cite?
Journal: Cellulose 
Abstract: An organic phosphorus compound (flame retardant agent, FR) in combination with a melamine resin (crosslinking agent, CL), phosphoric acid (catalyst, PA) and zinc oxide (co-catalyst, ZnO/nano-ZnO) imparted effective and durable flame retardant properties. Also, atmospheric pressure plasma jet was applied as pre-treatment to improve post-finishing (flame retardant finishing) on cotton fabrics. In the present paper, surface morphology, chemical structure analysis, combustibility and mechanical properties of plasma pre-treated cotton fabrics subjected to flame-retardant treatment were investigated. Surface morphology of treated cotton specimens showed roughened and wrinkled fabric surface with high deposition of the flame retardant finishing agent, which was caused by the plasma etching effect and attack of acidic FR. The FTIR-ATR spectra for the treated cotton specimens showed some new characteristic peaks in chemical structure, interpreted as carbonyl bands, OH stretching vibration, COO- stretching vibration, CH2 rocking band and CH3 asymmetric and CH2 symmetric stretching. Moreover, FR-CL-PA-treated specimens showed remarkable flame-retardant property, which was further improved by the plasma pre-treatment and ZnO/nano-ZnO co-catalyst. However, flame-retardant-treated cotton specimens had poor mechanical strength when compared with control sample, resulting from side effects of the crosslinking agent used, while plasma pre-treatment and ZnO/nano-ZnO co-catalyst may compensate for the reduction in tensile and tearing strength caused by flame-retardant agents.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18500
DOI: 10.1007/s10570-010-9466-y
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Access
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

27
Last Week
0
Last month
0
Citations as of Oct 15, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

24
Last Week
1
Last month
0
Citations as of Oct 16, 2017

Page view(s)

49
Last Week
4
Last month
Checked on Oct 16, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.