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Title: Effects of a structured exercise programme on functional balance in visually impaired elderly living in a residential setting
Authors: Cheung, KKW
Au, KY
Lam, WWS
Jones, AYM
Keywords: Balance
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Hong Kong physiotherapy journal, 2008, v. 26, p. 45-50 How to cite?
Journal: Hong Kong physiotherapy journal 
Abstract: One major priority for health care professionals is to minimize the risk of fall in the elderly population. While the quality of life of an individual is affected by fall accidents, management of post-fall disability in the elderly could be a huge economic burden to the society. Visually impaired elderly are at a higher risk of fall, because "vision", an important component contributing to balance, is disturbed. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an exercise programme, which focused on improvement of the functional balance of visually impaired elderly. Visually impaired elderly residents were randomly assigned to either the exercise training or control group. A multidimensional, individually tailored exercise programme was introduced by physiotherapists to the exercise group for 12 weeks. Functional balance status reflected by the Berg Balance Scale, chair stand test, and timed up-and-go test assessed before and after the 12-week training programme was compared between the two groups. Results demonstrated a significant improvement in balance outcomes in the exercise group (p<0.05) but not in the control group. The results of this study suggest that a physiotherapist-designed stren~thening and balance-training programme can improve the functional balance status of visually impaired elderly.
ISSN: 1013-7025
EISSN: 1876-441X
DOI: 10.1016/S1013-7025(09)70007-7
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