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Title: Stress corrosion cracking behavior of Nd :YAG laser-treated aluminum alloy 7075
Authors: Yue, TM 
Yan, LJ
Chan, CP
Keywords: Aluminum alloy
Laser surface melting
Stress corrosion
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: North-Holland
Source: Applied surface science, 2006, v. 252, no. 14, p. 5026-5034 How to cite?
Journal: Applied surface science 
Abstract: Nd-YAG laser surface treatment was conducted on 7075-T651 aluminum alloy with the aim of improving the stress corrosion cracking resistance of the alloy. Laser surface treatment was performed under two different gas environments, air and nitrogen. After the laser treatment, coarse constituent particles were removed and fine cellular/dendritic structures had formed. In addition, for the N 2-treated specimen, an AlN phase was detected. The results of the stress corrosion test showed that after 30 days of immersion, the untreated specimen had been severely attacked by corrosion, with intergranular cracks having formed along the planar grain boundaries of the specimen. For the air-treated specimen, some relatively long stress corrosion cracks and a small number of relatively large corrosion pits were found. The cracks mainly followed the interdendritic boundaries; the fusion boundary was found to be acting as an arrestor to corrosion attacks. In contrast, only few short stress corrosion cracks appeared in the N 2-treated specimen, indicating an improvement in corrosion initiation resistance. The superior corrosion resistance was attributed to the formation of the AlN phase in the surface of the laser-melted layer, which is an electrical insulator. The electrochemical impedance measurements taken during the stress corrosion test showed that the film resistance of the laser-treated specimens was always higher than that of the untreated specimen, with the N 2-treated specimen showing the highest resistance.
ISSN: 0169-4332
EISSN: 1873-5584
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2005.07.052
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