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Title: Is subjective outcome evaluation related to objective outcome evaluation? Insights from a longitudinal study in Hong Kong
Authors: Shek, DTL 
Keywords: Chinese adolescents
Client satisfaction approach
Objective outcome evaluation
Project P.A.T.H.S
Subjective outcome evaluation
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier USA
Source: Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 2014, v. 27, no. S, p. S50-S56 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 
Abstract: Study Objectives: Empirical studies investigating the inter-relationships among subjective outcomes and objective outcomes are sparse in the scientific literature. This study examined the relationship between these 2 forms of outcome evaluation data in Chinese adolescents, utilizing longitudinal data. Design: In Wave 3 and Wave 4 of a randomized group trial, 2,784 Chinese secondary school students responded to the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale (CPYDS) assessing objective outcome at pretest (Wave 3) and posttest (Wave 4). Students in the experimental schools also responded to a measure of client satisfaction assessing the subjective outcome of a positive youth development program at posttest (Wave 4). Results: Subjective outcome evaluation measures (eg, process, program, and effectiveness) at Wave 3 were significantly correlated with CPYDS scores at Wave 4 and difference scores. Subjective outcome evaluation measures also predicted changes in the objective outcome evaluation measures scores across time. Conclusions: The present findings replicated the previous findings that subjective outcome and objective outcome evaluation findings were intimately related, and subjective outcome measures predicted posttest measures and their changes over time. The present study suggests that subjective outcome evaluation findings may yield useful information regarding program effectiveness in youth work settings.
ISSN: 1083-3188
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpag.2014.02.012
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