Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18102
Title: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in urban atmosphere of Hong Kong
Authors: Lee, SC 
Chiu, MY
Ho, KF
Zou, SC
Wang, X
Keywords: BTEX correlation
BTEX ratio
Urban area
VOCs
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Chemosphere, 2002, v. 48, no. 3, p. 375-382 How to cite?
Journal: Chemosphere 
Abstract: The assessment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has become a major issue of air quality network monitoring in Hong Kong. This study is aimed to identify, quantify and characterize volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in different urban areas in Hong Kong. The spatial distribution, temporal variation as well as correlations of VOCs at five roadside sampling sites were discussed. Twelve VOCs were routinely detected in urban areas (Mong Kok, Kwai Chung, Yuen Long and Causeway Bay). The concentrations of VOCs ranged from undetectable to 1396 μg/m 3. Among all of the VOC species, toluene has the highest concentration. Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) were the major constituents (more than 60% in composition of total VOC detected), mainly contributed from mobile sources. Similar to other Asian cities, the VOC levels measured in urban areas in Hong Kong were affected both by automobile exhaust and industrial emissions. High toluene to benzene ratios (average T/B ratio = 5) was also found in Hong Kong as in other Asian cities. In general, VOC concentrations in the winter were higher than those measured in the summer (winter to summer ratio > 1). As toluene and benzene were the major pollutants from vehicle exhausts, there is a necessity to tighten automobile emission standards in Hong Kong.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/18102
ISSN: 0045-6535
EISSN: 1879-1298
DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00040-1
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