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Title: Asymmetric inter- and intramolecular cyclopropanation of alkenes catalyzed by chiral ruthenium porphyrins. Synthesis and crystal structure of a chiral metalloporphyrin carbene complex
Authors: Che, CM
Huang, JS
Lee, FW
Li, Y
Lai, TS
Kwong, HL
Teng, PF
Lee, WS
Lo, WC
Peng, SM
Zhou, ZY
Issue Date: 2001
Source: Journal of the American chemical society, 2001, v. 123, no. 18, p. 4119-4129 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of the American Chemical Society 
Abstract: Extensive investigations of asymmetric intermolecular cyclopropanation of terminal alkenes with diazoacetates catalyzed by ruthenium porphyrin [Ru(P*)(CO)(EtOH)] (1, H 2P* = 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-{(1S,4R,5R,8S)-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydro-1,4:5,8- dimethanoanthracene-9-yl}porphyrin) and the application of catalyst 1 to asymmetric intramolecular cyclopropanation of allylic or homoallylic diazoacetates are described. The intermolecular cyclopropanation of styrene and its derivatives with ethyl diazoacetate afforded the corresponding cyclopropyl esters in up to 98% ee with high trans/cis ratios of up to 36 and extremely high catalyst turnovers of up to 1.1 × 10 4. Examination of the effects of temperature, diazoacetate, solvent, and substituent in the intermolecular cyclopropanation reveals that (i) both enantioselectivity and trans selectivity increase with decreasing temperature, (ii) sterically encumbered diazoacetates N 2CHCO 2R such as R = Bu t, and donor solvents, such as diethyl ether and tetrahydrofuran, are beneficial to the trans selectivity, and (iii) electron-donating para substituents on styrene accelerate the cyclopropanations, with the log(k x/k H) vs σ + plot for para-substituted styrenes p-X-C 6H 4CH=CH 2 (X = MeO, Me, Cl, CF 3) exhibiting good linearity with a small negative ρ + value of -0.44 ± 0.09. In the case of intramolecular cyclopropanation, complex 1 promoted the decomposition of a series of allylic diazoacetates to form the cyclopropyl lactones in up to 85% ee, contributing the first efficient metalloporphyrin catalyst for an asymmetric intramolecular cyclopropanation. Both the inter- and intramolecular cyclopropanations were proposed to proceed via a reactive chiral ruthenium carbene intermediate. The enantioselectivities in these processes were rationalized on the basis of the X-ray crystal structures of closely related stable chiral carbene complexes [Ru(P*)(CPh 2)] (2) and [Ru(P*)(C(Ph)-CO 2CH 2CH=CH 2)] (3) obtained from reactions of complex 1 with N 2CPh 2 and N 2C(Ph)CO 2CH 2CH=CH 2, respectively.
ISSN: 0002-7863
DOI: 10.1021/ja001416f
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