Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/17747
Title: Piezoelectric properties of K0.47Na0.47Li0.06NbO3-NaSbO3 lead-free ceramics for ultrasonic transducer applications
Authors: Lin, D
Kwok, KW 
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: International journal of applied ceramic technology, 2011, v. 8, no. 3, p. 684-690 How to cite?
Journal: International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology 
Abstract: Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics (1-x)K0.47Na0.47Li0.06NbO3-xNaSbO(3) have been prepared by a conventional solid-state sintering technique. Our results reveal that NaSbO3 diffuses into the K0.5Na0.5NbO3 lattices to form a solid solution with a perovskite structure. After the addition of NaSbO3, both the paraelectric cubic-ferroelectric tetragonal and ferroelectric tetragonal-ferroelectric orthorhombic phase transition temperatures decrease. Coexistence of the orthorhombic and tetragonal phases is formed in the ceramics with x=0.04-0.10 at room temperature. In addition to the increase of the Na+/K+ ratio and the strong covalence of Sb, the piezoelectricity of the ceramics is improved. For the ceramic with x=0.09, the piezoelectric properties become optimum, giving a piezoelectric coefficient d(33) of 305 pC/N, and electromechanical coupling factors k(p) and k(t) of 0.51. The ceramics also exhibit excellent performance in transducer applications, indicating that the ceramics are ready for replacing lead-containing ceramics in practical applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/17747
ISSN: 1546-542X
DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7402.2010.02500.x
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