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Title: Acute and chronic effect of dietary phosphorus restriction on protein expression in young rat renal proximal tubules
Authors: Cheung, PY
Lai, WP
Lau, HY
Lo, SCL 
Wong, MS 
Keywords: Insulin-like growth facor I axis
Phosphorus restriction
Rat renal proximal tubules
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Source: Proteomics, 2002, v. 2, no. 9, p. 1211-1219 How to cite?
Journal: Proteomics 
Abstract: Renal proximal tubules play a vital role in phosphorus (P) homeostasis. It is well known that dietary P restriction up-regulates the activities of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1 α-hydroxylase (1-OHase), an enzyme that is involved in activation of vitamin D and thereby maintaining P balance. However, the mechanism involved in such regulation is not known. In the present study, we aim to identify proteins that might be involved in the renal adaptation to dietary P restriction using a proteomic approach. Renal proximal tubules were harvested from young rats fed either normal P diet or low P diet (LPD) for 1 to 7 days. Western blotting analysis of 1 -OHase and signaling proteins in insulin-like growth factor I axis indicated an increase in expression of these proteins upon dietary P restriction. Using two-dimensional electrophoresis, we found that LPD reduced the total number of protein species expressed in renal proximal tubules. Differentially expressed proteins were analyzed and located using the software Melanie III, and their identities were found using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Our results showed that β-actin, γ-actin, major urinary protein, phosphatidylinositol transfer protein β isoform, and G1/S-specific cyclin D3 are up-regulated and nonspecific lipid transfer protein is down-regulated by LPD.
ISSN: 1615-9853
EISSN: 1615-9861
DOI: 10.1002/1615-9861(200209)2:9<1211
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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