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Title: Effects of knee joint angles and fatigue on the neuromuscular control of vastus medialis oblique and vastus lateralis muscle in humans
Authors: Chan, AYF
Lee, FLL
Wong, PK
Wong, CYM
Yeung, SS 
Keywords: Electromechanical delay
Neuromuscular control
Vastus lateralis muscle
Vastus medialis oblique muscle
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Springer
Source: European journal of applied physiology, 2001, v. 84, no. 1-2, p. 36-41 How to cite?
Journal: European journal of applied physiology 
Abstract: The effects of different knee joint angles and fatigue on the neuromuscular control of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles were investigated in 17 (11 men, 6 women) young subjects. The electromyogram (EMG) activities and the force generation capacities were monitored before and after a fatigue protocol at three different knee joint angles, 90°, 150°, 175° of knee extension, on three occasions. In response to randomly triggered light signals, the subjects performed three isometric maximal voluntary contraction (IMVC) that lasted for 4 to 8 s. This was then followed by the fatigue protocol which consisted of six bursts of contractions fixed at 30 s on and 10 s off. Immediately after the exercise to fatigue, the subjects performed another three IMVC in response to the light signals. Repeated measures ANOVA were performed to examine the effects of fatigue at these three positions on the electro-mechanical delay (EMD), median frequency (f med), peak force (F peak) and root mean square (rms)-EMG:F peak quotient of VMO and VL. The results revealed a significant effect of the three knee joint angles on the EMD before the fatigue (P < 0.05). The fatigue protocol induced a significant decrease in F peak at all the three positions (P < 0.01). However, the fatigue induced a significant decrease of f med at only 90° and 150° of knee extension (P < 0.01). This occurred in parallel with the lengthening of EMD at these two joint angles (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05). The effects of fatigue on the f med and EMD were not significant between VMO and VL at all three angles. The insignificant difference in f med and EMD between VMO and VL at the three knee positions before and after fatigue indicated that no preferential onset activation between VMO and VL had occurred.
ISSN: 1439-6319
EISSN: 1439-6327
DOI: 10.1007/s004210000326
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