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Title: Impact of fabric moisture transport properties on physiological responses when wearing protective clothing
Authors: Guo, Y
Li, Y 
Tokura, H
Wong, T
Chung, J
Wong, ASW
Gohel, MDI
Leung, PHM 
Keywords: Clothing microclimates
Deep ear canal temperature
Fabric moisture management properties
Mean skin temperature
Plasma oxygen saturation
Water vapor permeability
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Textile research journal, 2008, v. 78, no. 12, p. 1057-1069 How to cite?
Journal: Textile research journal 
Abstract: This purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of fabric moisture transport properties (MTP) on physiological responses when wearing protective clothing. Ten healthy subjects wore two kinds of personal protective equipment (PPE) ensembles and exercised on a treadmill, worked on a computer, and moved a mannequin in an environment that simulated where health carers work. PPE1 consisted of cotton underwear and 100% polyethylene outerwear. PPE2 consisted of cotton underwear with moisture management function and outerwear made of waterproof breathable fabric. The results showed that there were significantly higher cumulative one-way transport capacity, liquid moisture management capacity, and wetting time in PPE2 than in PPE1 underwear. There was significantly higher water vapor permeability (WVP) in PPE2 than in PPE1 outerwear. Deep ear canal temperature, mean skin temperature, and chest wall skin and clothing microclimates (temperature and humidity) were significantly lower with PPE2 than PPE1. The level of plasma oxygen saturation was significantly higher with PPE 2 than PPE1. In the present study, due to the MTP of the fabrics, liquid sweat transferred from the skin surface to the opposite surface quickly and speeded up the processes of evaporation and heat dissipation. It was concluded that the fabric's MTP, when incorporated into protective clothing, is the main physiological mechanism for reduced heat stress.
ISSN: 0040-5175
EISSN: 1746-7748
DOI: 10.1177/0040517508090496
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