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Title: I warn you because I like you : voice behavior, employee identifications, and transformational leadership
Authors: Liu, W 
Zhu, R
Yang, Y
Keywords: Extra-role behavior
Transformational leadership
Voice behavior
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Source: Leadership quarterly, 2010, v. 21, no. 1, p. 189-202 How to cite?
Journal: Leadership Quarterly 
Abstract: Voice behavior refers to the behavior that proactively challenges the status quo and makes constructive changes. Previous studies have explored the antecedents of employees' voice behavior, but to whom employees are likely to voice their thoughts has remained rarely examined. We propose that voice behavior is target-sensitive and that there are two types of voice behavior: speaking out (voice toward peers) and speaking up (voice toward the supervisor). Transformational leadership facilitates both speaking out and speaking up. However, it produces effects on employees via different types of employee identifications. Specifically, social identification predicts only speaking out, while personal identification predicts only speaking up. In contrast, affiliative extra-role behavior is less target-sensitive, and transformational leadership influences affiliative extra-role behavior via both social identification and personal identification. We examined our hypotheses by collecting both self-reported and coworker data from 191 Chinese employees in different organizations. Our hypotheses gained general support from the data. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
DOI: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.10.014
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