Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16788
Title: Spatial variability of frontal area index and its relationship with urban heat island intensity
Authors: Wong, MS 
Nichol, JE 
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: International journal of remote sensing, 2013, v. 34, no. 3, p. 885-896 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of remote sensing 
Abstract: In densely urbanized regions, the local climate is greatly influenced by the urban morphology, including interactions between buildings, space, and human activities. The Kowloon Peninsula in Hong Kong, with some of the greatest urban population densities in the world, represents an extreme case of the influence of the built environment on climate, with high-rise buildings, narrow street canyons, and little green space. In this study, the building frontal area index (FAI), a parameter for estimating aerodynamic resistance of the urban surface as a predictor of wind ventilation, was derived from a three-dimensional building database. The relationship between FAI and urban heat island intensity (UHII) from an Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) satellite image was calculated at different scales. The highest correlation (r = 0.574, n = 4900) was obtained at 100 m resolution, which suggests that the optimum operational scale of FAI is 100 m resolution for the study area, i.e. the scale and size at which FAI impacts on the urban climate. The presence/trend of any higher correlation at different resolutions was tested using the nonparametric Mann-Kendall test, and the results show that the statistic Z-value generated from the test is smaller than the hypothesis significance levels of 90%, 95%, and 99%; thus, the hypothesis of having a higher correlation at any scale other than 100 m resolution is rejected. Planning authorities may use the FAI generated at 100 m resolution for designing wind ventilation corridors across Hong Kong at this scale, especially when temperature and air quality in the inner city are of major concern. However, for applications to other cities with different standard morphologies, the FAI-UHII relationship should be re-evaluated.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16788
ISSN: 0143-1161
EISSN: 1366-5901
DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2012.714509
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Access
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

14
Last Week
0
Last month
0
Citations as of Aug 10, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

15
Last Week
0
Last month
0
Citations as of Aug 13, 2017

Page view(s)

37
Last Week
4
Last month
Checked on Aug 13, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.