Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16594
Title: Microstructure and phase evolution in laser cladding of Ni/Cu/Al multilayer on magnesium substrates
Authors: Yue, TM 
Li, T
Lin, X
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Springer
Source: Metallurgical and materials transactions. A, Physical metallurgy and materials science, 2010, v. 41, no. 1, p. 212-223 How to cite?
Journal: Metallurgical and materials transactions. A, Physical metallurgy and materials science 
Abstract: A multilayer coating of Ni/Cu/Al was fabricated on magnesium substrates using laser cladding. The solidification behavior and the phase evolution of the compositionally graded coating were studied. The results of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis together with the metallographic study showed that a series of phase evolutions had occurred along the gradient (Mg) → (Mg) + Al 12Mg 17 → (Mg) + Q + λ 2 → λ 1 → λ 1 + γ 1 → γ 1 + (Cu) + λ 1 → (Cu) + λ 1 → (Cu) → (CuNi) → (Ni). The rapid solidification condition had suppressed the invariant reactions that existed in the ternary Mg-Al-Cu alloy system. As a result, many of the predicted Al-rich brittle intermetallic compounds, which are detrimental to the performance of the coating, were not produced. The solidification path during the laser cladding of the Al and Cu layers was determined and the various phases, as predicted by the corresponding phase diagram, agreed well with the experimental results. Finally, the primary arm spacing (PAS) and the solidification morphology of the dendrites in the Cu and Ni layers were analyzed in relation to the solidification conditions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16594
ISSN: 1073-5623
EISSN: 1543-1940
DOI: 10.1007/s11661-009-0065-1
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