Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16487
Title: Spatial distribution and seasonal variation of char-EC and soot-EC in the atmosphere over China
Authors: Han, YM
Lee, SC 
Cao, JJ
Ho, KF
An, ZS
Keywords: Carbonaceous aerosols
Char
China
Soot
Spatial distribution
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Atmospheric environment, 2009, v. 43, no. 38, p. 6066-6073 How to cite?
Journal: Atmospheric environment 
Abstract: A previous study on PM 2.5 carbonaceous aerosols measured with the thermal optical reflectance (TOR) method in fourteen Chinese cities is extended by subdividing total EC into char-EC and soot-EC. Average char-EC concentrations show great differences between the fourteen cities and between winter and summer periods, with concentrations of 8.67 and 2.41 μg m -3 in winter and summer, respectively. Meanwhile spatial and seasonal soot-EC variations are small, with average concentrations of 1.26 and 1.21 μg m -3 in winter and summer, respectively. Spatial and temporal distributions of char-EC, similar to EC, are mainly influenced by local fuel consumption, as well as the East Asian monsoon and some meteorological factors such as the mixing height and wet precipitation. The small spatial and seasonal variation of soot-EC is consistent with its regional-to-global dispersion, which may suggest that soot carbon is not local carbon, but regional carbon. Char-EC/soot-EC ratios show summer minimum and winter maximum in all cities, which is in good agreement with the difference in source contributions between the two periods. As OC/EC ratio is affected by the formation of the secondary organic aerosol (SOA), char-EC/soot-EC ratio is a more effective indicator for source identification of carbonaceous aerosol than previously used OC/EC ratio.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16487
ISSN: 1352-2310
EISSN: 1873-2844
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.018
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