Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16255
Title: Design of sustainable cordon toll pricing schemes in a monocentric city
Authors: Li, ZC
Wang, YD
Lam, WHK 
Sumalee, A
Choi, K
Keywords: Air pollution cost
Monocentric city
Social welfare
Subsidy
Sustainable cordon toll pricing
Traffic emissions
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Source: Networks and spatial economics, 2014, v. 14, no. 2, p. 133-158 How to cite?
Journal: Networks and Spatial Economics 
Abstract: This paper addresses the design issue of sustainable cordon toll pricing schemes in a monocentric city. An analytical model that maximizes the total social welfare of urban system is first proposed for simultaneous optimization of the cordon toll location and charge level. The solution properties of the model with/without considering traffic congestion and/or environmental effects are explored and compared analytically. The proposed model is then extended to explicitly incorporate the effects of subsidizing the retrofit of old vehicles on reduction in average vehicle emissions. The optimal subsidy scheme for maximizing the social welfare of the system is also determined. Finally, a numerical example is given to illustrate the model applications. Insightful findings are reported on the interrelationships among cordon toll scheme, traffic congestion and environmental effects, urban population distribution, and subsidy scheme as well as their implications in practice.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16255
ISSN: 1566-113X
DOI: 10.1007/s11067-013-9209-3
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