Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16086
Title: Metal and F dual-doping to synchronously improve electron transport rate and lifetime for TiO2 photoanode to enhance dye-sensitized solar cells performances
Authors: Duan, Y
Zheng, J
Xu, M
Song, X
Fu, N
Fang, Y
Zhou, X
Lin, Y
Pan, F
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: Journal of materials chemistry A, 2015, v. 3, no. 10, p. 5692-5700 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of materials chemistry A 
Abstract: A general strategy to synchronously improve electron transport rate and lifetime for TiO2 photoanode by metal and F- dual doping is proposed and demonstrated for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) for the first time. Tin and fluorine dual-doped TiO2 nanoparticles are prepared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicates that the Sn atoms and the F atoms locate mainly in the TiO2 lattice and on the TiO2 particles surface, respectively. The DSSC based on Sn/F-TiO2 sample shows a high photoconversion efficiency of 8.89% under an AM 1.5 solar condition (100 mW cm-2), which is higher than those for the undoped TiO2 nanoparticles (7.12%) and the solely Sn (8.14%) or F doped (8.31%) samples. This improvement is attributed to the combined effects of a faster electron transport rate and a longer electron lifetime in the dual-doped TiO2 film. Following this strategy, we also prepare Ta/F, Nb/F, and Sb/F dual-doped TiO2 nanoparticles and find that the performance of DSSCs based on all the dual-doped samples is further improved compared with the single doping cases. Finally, through density functional theory (DFT) calculations, the mechanism behind the improvement by tin and fluorine dual-doping is discussed in detail.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/16086
ISSN: 2050-7488
EISSN: 2050-7496
DOI: 10.1039/c4ta07068b
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