Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15757
Title: On the bidirectional flow across an atrium ceiling vent
Authors: Chow, WK 
Li, J
Keywords: Bidirectional flow
Horizontal ceiling vent
Pressure drop
Smoke exhaust
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Building and environment, 2011, v. 46, no. 12, p. 2598-2602 How to cite?
Journal: Building and environment 
Abstract: Sizing of horizontal ceiling vent in a tall atrium is usually based on vent flow models with unidirectional flow. This is only good for natural vents with large pressure differences between inside and outside. For low pressure differential across the horizontal ceiling vent as experienced in some atrium fires, bidirectional smoke flow rates were observed. The extraction rate through the vent would be reduced, giving poor performance of the smoke exhaust system. Bidirectional flow across a ceiling vent will be discussed in this paper. Models available in the literature will be briefly reviewed first. A new model was developed on studying effects of bidirectional flow across a horizontal vent on the smoke layer interface height. A critical pressure difference between inside and outside across the vent can be estimated on inducing bidirectional flows. The approach is illustrated with an example sizing calculation for a cubic atrium commonly found in Hong Kong.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15757
ISSN: 0360-1323
EISSN: 1873-684X
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.06.018
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