Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15727
Title: Soil stabilisation using AMD sludge, compost and lignite : TCLP leachability and continuous acid leaching
Authors: Tsang, DCW 
Olds, WE
Weber, PA
Yip, ACK
Keywords: Industrial by-products
Metal contamination
Mobility
Organic matter
Soil remediation
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Chemosphere, 2013, v. 93, no. 11, p. 2839-2847 How to cite?
Journal: Chemosphere 
Abstract: Utilising locally available industrial by-products for in situ metal stabilisation presents a low-cost remediation approach for contaminated soil. This study explored the potential use of inorganic (acid mine drainage (AMD) sludge and zero-valent iron) and carbonaceous materials (green waste compost, manure compost, and lignite) for minimising the environmental risks of As and Cu at a timber treatment site. After 9-month soil incubation, significant sequestration of As and Cu in soil solution was accomplished by AMD sludge, on which adsorption and co-precipitation could take place. The efficacy of AMD sludge was comparable to that of zero-valent iron. There was marginal benefit of adding carbonaceous materials. However, in a moderately aggressive environment (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure), AMD sludge only suppressed the leachability of As but not Cu. Therefore, the provision of compost and lignite augmented the simultaneous reduction of Cu leachability, probably via surface complexation with oxygen-containing functional groups. Under continuous acid leaching in column experiments, combined application of AMD sludge with compost proved more effective than AMD sludge with lignite. This was possibly attributed to the larger amount of dissolved organic matter with aromatic moieties from lignite, which may enhance Cu and As mobility. Nevertheless, care should be taken to mitigate ecological impact associated with short-term substantial Ca release and continuous release of Al at a moderate level under acid leaching. This study also articulated the engineering implications and provided recommendations for field deployment, material processing, and assessment framework to ensure an environmentally sound application of reactive materials.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15727
ISSN: 0045-6535
EISSN: 1879-1298
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.09.097
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