Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15348
Title: Genetic polymorphisms predict national differences in life history strategy and time orientation
Authors: Minkov, M
Bond, MH
Keywords: Genes
Life-history strategy
Nations
Time-orientation
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Source: Personality and individual differences, 2015, v. 76, p. 204-215 How to cite?
Journal: Personality and Individual Differences 
Abstract: The existence of a genetic factor behind group-level differences in life history strategy (LHS) has long been disputed. A number of recent studies suggest that some polymorphisms in the androgen receptor gene AR, the dopamine receptor gene DRD4, and the 5-HTTLPR VNTR of the serotonin transporter gene are associated with risk acceptance versus prudence and a short-term versus long-term time orientation, which are important aspects of LHS. We integrated studies from diverse nations reporting the prevalence of these three polymorphisms for many countries. We collected national indices for each of the three polymorphisms and found that they define a strong, single factor, yielding a single LHS-related, national genetic index. As expected, this index is strongly associated with reported national measures of LHS and time orientation, even after controlling for socioeconomic variables. The genetic effect seems especially strong across societies with high socioeconomic inequality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15348
ISSN: 0191-8869
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.014
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