Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15180
Title: Inhibition of ursolic acid on calcium-induced mitochondrial permeability transition and release of two proapoptotic proteins
Authors: Tang, X
Gao, J
Chen, J
Fang, F
Wang, Y
Dou, H
Xu, Q
Qian, Z
Keywords: Apoptosis-inducing factor
Cytochrome c
Mitochondrial membrane potential
Mitochondrial permeability transition
Mitochondrial swelling
Ursolic acid
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Academic Press
Source: Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 2005, v. 337, no. 1, p. 320-324 How to cite?
Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications 
Abstract: The possible inhibition of ursolic acid (UA) on mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in mouse liver was investigated to identify the mechanisms underlying the hepatoprotective effect of UA. The effect of UA on liver MPT induced by Ca2+ was assessed by measuring changes in mitochondrial volume, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), release of matrix Ca 2+, and transfer of cytochrome c (Cyt c) and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) from the intermembrane space to the cytoplasm. The results showed that obvious mitochondrial swelling, loss of MMP, and release of matrix Ca 2+ occurred after the addition of 50 μM Ca2+. However, preincubation with 20, 50 or 100 μg ml-1 UA significantly blocked the above changes. Addition of 100 μg ml-1 UA inhibited on mitochondrial swelling by 73.2% after 5 min, while the MMP dissipating and Ca2+ releasing were, respectively, suppressed by 59.3% and 54.1% after 3 min. In addition, Western blot analysis showed Cyt c and AIF transferred from mitochondrial pellet to the supernatant after the addition of 50 μM Ca2+, but the process was significantly inhibited by various concentrations of UA. The results suggest that the mechanisms underlying the hepatoprotection of UA may be related to its direct inhibitory action on MPT.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15180
ISSN: 0006-291X
EISSN: 1090-2104
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.09.062
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